Sarajevo Bosnia History
When you think of Sarajevo, the historic capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, most people think of the 1984 Winter Olympics and the civil war of the 1990s that devastated the region. The earliest records of the settlement of the town in its present form probably date back to 1462.
After the war, Sarajevo became the capital of the Drina province, as the area around Saraji was one of two provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina (the other was the Republika Srpska) after the Balkans had been united into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Under a peace agreement, two new provinces, one in the north and one in the south, which were to be the territories of what is now Sarajebo, and a second, Repubblica Srbska (RS), became an independent state. The second level of government, which consisted of the Bosnian Serb Republican RS, was also recognized as an independent state under the rule of President Josip Broz Tito.
The Sarajevo Museum, which was hidden during the Second World War and the Balkan wars, contains many colourful illustrations and stories about Passover. Other cultural institutions include a library and a private art collection dealing with Bosniak history. The bodies charged with the cultural conservation of Sarajevo include the national monuments preserved by Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Bosnian Serb Heritage Foundation, the Bosnian National Museum of History and Archaeology and the Museum of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The exhibition "War and History of Bosnia and Herzegovina" is open to the public "in the museum (destroyed by the Serbs), which is currently undergoing a thorough renovation.
The majority of the capital Sarajevo is still held by Bosniaks, while the official government of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, headed by its President, Dr. Vojislav Jankovic, continues to work. The book is centred on the book Gazi Husrev brought with him when he came to Saraja as a refugee from the Ottoman Empire in the mid-19th century. It was founded in a province in Bosnia, which comprised the eastern part of what is now Serbia and the western half of what is now Bosnia.
Sarajevo was also a city associated with the Ottoman Empire, which aimed to reduce the influence of Serbs in Yugoslavia. Under Finci's leadership, he also organized the construction of a new city, the Republika Srpska, in the eastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Serbian diaspora was magnetised by post-war reunification and the city's role as a centre of political and economic power in Bosnia.
Sarajevo was virtually liberated by Serbs, and many fled to join Tito's Communist partisans operating in Bosnia. The region of Central Bosnia-Herzegovina, which had migrated from the Serb regions of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Herzégovine, was also considered a safe haven for those who had emigrated there. Most Bosnian Serbs now live in the Republika Srpska, a Serb-controlled entity in eastern Bosnia, with the exception of a small number of ethnic Bosniaks.
Sarajevo is a large part of the Federation and is predominantly Bosnian Muslim, Bosniak and Bosnian Croat city. Bosnia-Herzegovina is a microcosm of former Yugoslavia, enclosed in three regions: Central Bosnia, Republika Srpska and the Federal Republic of Bosnia. With a population of about 1.5 million, it is the second largest city in the country.
Among other economic landmarks, the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina opened in Sarajevo in 1997, and the Saraja Stock Exchange opened its doors in 2002. The city also hosts the National Theatre in Bosnia and Herzegovina, founded in 1919, as well as a number of cultural institutions.
The German occupation of Bosnia-Herzegovina during the First World War, which began in 1918, and Bosnia was annexed to the new nation. The Croatian fascist puppet state of Ustase founded the Independent State of Croatia, which administered most of Bosnian territory and left Sarajevo in the "German zone of occupation." Serbia annexed Bosnia into a new kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. In 1943, Josip Broz Tito founded Yugoslavia, of which Bosnia was to be one of the six republics.
Sarajevo has survived the fighting without major physical damage, but in view of the fate of the monument, it seems that we are finally truly free from foreign oppression. Austria - Hungary treated Serbs on its territory as enemies and foreigners, fomenting ethnic hatred of Muslim Serbs that tore Bosnia apart. With the population split almost equally between Serbs, Croats, and Muslims in three areas, Bosnia became a key battleground as Yugoslavia crumbled and NATO troops intervened to stop the ethnic cleansing that was taking place. This young Serbian nation's foreign policy is one of expansion: it wants to expand its territories to include other ethnic Serbs living in these areas, including Bosnia-Herzegovina, where 43% of the population is ethnic Serb.
The collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire meant the end of Austrian rule over Bosnia and the rule of Hungary in Bosnia. This led to the establishment of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the incorporation of Bosnia-Herzegovina into it. Under Josip Broz Tito, who led the country, the situation was under control for a time, but there was always the possibility that it would eventually split into two separate countries, one for Serbs and the other for Muslims.